Country overview: E-scooter regulations in Europe

Do you want to hire an electric scooter for your holiday? Or maybe you want to take your own scooter?

We explain what the rules are in different European countries and what you need to know.

For a long time, many countries had no or only vague regulations for the use of e-scooters on public roads. This led to a lot of uncertainty and a certain Wild West approach to this new form of mobility.

As electric scooters have become more prevalent in European cities, especially in the rental sector, individual countries have started to look at the issue more closely. This is partly because the scooters cause problems and debate among the public, whether it be riding them on the pavement or parking them indiscriminately on public roads.

There are now clear rules for electric scooters in almost all countries, some of which are very different. What is permitted in one country may be clearly prohibited in another. This makes it all the more important to know the rules. We take a look at the regulations for e-scooters* in 30 European countries.

*Battery-powered, self-balancing vehicles without a seat, with a handlebar and a maximum speed of 25km/h due to the design.

Important rules for the use of the electric scooter

The following rules apply throughout Europe and should always be observed:

  • Always ride considerately, attentively and carefully.
  • Whenever possible, use cycle paths and obey the rules of the road.
  • Do not disturb or obstruct pedestrians. Pedestrians always have priority on pavements and in pedestrian areas (if you are allowed to ride your e-scooter there).
  • It is forbidden to use a mobile phone while riding.
  • Riding in pairs on the e-scooter is prohibited.
  • Wear a helmet, even if it is not compulsory.
  • Do not ride under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Violations are often severely punished.

Adults do not need a driving licence to use an e-scooter. For minors, a bicycle licence is sometimes required.

Click on the countries below for more information.

The use of e-scooters on the road is regulated by the Austrian Road Traffic Regulations (StVO).

Minimum age:

You must be at least 12 years old to ride an e-scooter independently on public transport.

In Austria, however, it is possible to obtain a "bike pass" from the age of 9, which also allows 9 to 12 year olds to ride an e-scooter independently. 

Otherwise, children under 12 must be accompanied by a person aged at least 16.

Accompaniment is not required on playgrounds and residential streets.

Maximum speed: 25 km/h

The motor power must not exceed 600 watts.

Helmet: Helmets are compulsory for children under 12.

Where is it allowed to ride?

If there is a cycle path or cycle lane, you must use it.

If there are no cycle paths, you can use the road. 

It is forbidden to use the pavement.

Pedestrian areas may be signposted for e-scooters. In this case, drive at an appropriate speed.

Compulsory equipment:

  • Brakes
  • white reflectors or reflective sheeting at the front
  • red reflectors or reflective sheeting at the rear
  • yellow side reflectors
  • In darkness or poor visibility, a white front light and a red rear light must be used.

Parking:

It is recommended that the e-scooter be parked in a bicycle parking space.

However, e-scooters can be parked on the pavement if it is at least 2.5 metres wide and pedestrians are not obstructed or property damaged.

Stricter rules apply in Vienna.

Blood alcohol limit: The blood alcohol limit for e-scooters is 0.8 ‰.

Insurance: No liability insurance is required for electric scooters.

In Belgium, the use of electric scooters on the road is regulated by law. The rules also apply to monowheels and Segways.

Minimum age: 16 years

Persons under 16 years of age may only use the scooter on private property and in certain places, e.g. play streets, residential areas or pedestrian areas open to bicycles (walking speed).

Maximum speed: 25 km/h

Helmet: There is no helmet requirement.

Where is it allowed to ride?

  • Cycle track
  • Road

In pedestrian areas where bicycles are allowed, you must ride at walking speed.

Pavements cannot be used.

Parking: In many places, special parking zones have been set up for electric scooters.

Otherwise, e-scooters can be parked on the pavement as long as they do not obstruct pedestrians or other road users.

Compulsory equipment: 

  • White front light 
  • Brakes
  • Side reflectors
  • Red reflector and audible warning device (compulsory only for motorised mobility devices with handlebars, i.e. not for monowheels)

Insurance: An e-scooter does not require third party insurance.

Stricter rules for rental e-scooters in Brussels:

The maximum speed is limited to 20 km/h. In pedestrian areas and semi-pedestrian areas to 8 km/h.

An e-scooter must not be parked lying down. It is forbidden to park on pavements, cycle paths, in front of zebra crossings and in the entrance and exit areas of public transport stops.

The use of e-scooters is regulated by the Bulgarian Road Traffic Act.

Minimum age: 14 years

Young people between the ages of 14 and 16 can only ride on cycle paths, not on the road. 

Maximum speed: 25 km/h

Helmets are compulsory for those under 18.

What equipment is compulsory?   

  • Lights 
  • Reflective clothing must be worn in the dark.

Where is it allowed to ride?

  • On cycle paths
  • If there is no cycle path, you can cycle on the road (provided the speed limit is 50 km/h). You must ride as far to the right as possible. 

It is forbidden to cycle on bus lanes, pavements or in areas where there are signs prohibiting cycling.

Depending on the city, there may be other restrictions on e-scooters in Bulgaria.

Fines:

A fine of 10 BGN (≈ 5.11 EUR) may be imposed if

  • Young people do not wear a helmet
  • Not wearing reflective clothing at night

A fine of 50 BGN (≈ 26 EUR) may be imposed for, among other things

  • Exceeding the speed limit
  • Driving in the dark without lights
  • Not riding on the cycle path when there is one

Blood alcohol limit: 0.5 ‰

A fine of 20 BGN (≈10.22 EUR) is imposed for each violation.

Insurance: There is no compulsory insurance for private e-scooters in Bulgaria.

From the end of July 2022, the use of e-scooters on the road will be regulated by law.

Minimum age: 14 years

Maximum speed: 25 km/h

The maximum speed may not exceed 25 km/h. The engine power must not exceed 600 watts.

Compulsory helmet: Anyone riding an e-scooter in Croatia must wear a helmet.

Where is it allowed to ride? 

  • On the cycle path

If there is no cycle path

  • On roads where the maximum speed is 50 km/h. E-scooters must keep to the right of the road.
  • In areas reserved for pedestrians at walking speed (5 km/h).

Other traffic rules:

  • Reflective clothing must be worn when visibility is poor.
  • Drivers must not wear headphones in both ears

Fines:

  • 40 for driving with headphones in both ears 
  • 133 for exceeding the speed limit

Minimum age: 14 years

Maximum speed: 20 km/h

Helmet: Anyone riding an e-scooter must wear a helmet.

Where is it allowed to ride?

  • On cycle paths and lanes
  • On roads where the maximum speed is 30 km/h.

It is forbidden to ride on pavements, footpaths or squares (unless otherwise indicated by signs). The maximum speed must not exceed 10 km/h.

Compulsory equipment: 

  • Brake system
  • Front and rear lights
  • A bell
  • Reflective clothing must be worn in the dark.

Blood alcohol limit: 0.5 ‰

Failure to comply with these rules may result in a fine. Driving under the influence of alcohol is punishable by a fine of at least €125.

Road traffic regulations for bicycles apply. 

Minimum age: 15 years

No age limit for cycling on a cycle path, field or forest road or in a residential area.

Maximum speed: 25 km/h

The motor power of the e-scooter must not exceed 250 watts.

Helmet: It is recommended to wear a helmet.

Where is it allowed to ride?

  • On cycle paths
  • If there are no cycle paths, you can use the road in built-up areas.

The pavement cannot be used.

Compulsory equipment:

  • White front light and red rear light
  • Reflectors

Blood alcohol limit: 0.0 ‰.

Insurance: There is no compulsory insurance for e-scooters.

The use of electric scooters is regulated by Danish law.

Minimum age: 15 years

Children and young people under the age of 15 may only ride an electric scooter under adult supervision.

Maximum speed: 20 km/h.

E-scooters with a maximum design speed of more than 20 km/h are not allowed on the roads.

Helmet: In Denmark, you must wear a bicycle helmet when riding an electric scooter.

Where is it allowed to ride?

If there is a cycle lane, you must use it.

You must not ride on pavements, footpaths or pedestrian crossings.

Other traffic rules / compulsory equipment:

  • Turning and stopping must be indicated.
  • Lights are compulsory both day and night. The front light must be white or amber and the rear light red. The lights must be clearly visible from a distance of at least 300 metres. Reflectors must be fitted to the front, rear and sides.
  • The scooter must be CE-approved. It must not weigh more than 25 kg, be no longer than 2 m and no wider than 70 cm.

Fines:

The fine for breaking traffic rules is 1,000 DKK (approx. 134 euros). The fine for not wearing a helmet is 1,500 DKK (approx. 201 euros).

The blood alcohol limit is 0.5 ‰. The fine is 2,000 DKK (approx. 269 euros). The fine is higher for repeat offenders.

Insurance:

There is no compulsory insurance for e-scooters in Denmark.

More information: SikkerTrafik.dk

E-scooters are permitted. Their use is regulated by the Estonian Road Traffic Regulations.

Minimum age:

There is no general minimum age. The following rules apply to children and adolescents:

  • Children under the age of 8 are not allowed to ride on roads.
  • Children and young people between the ages of 8 and 15 who do not have a licence to ride a bicycle may only ride on the road if there is no pavement or cycle path and under adult supervision.
  • Children and young people aged 10 to 15 who have a licence to ride a bicycle may ride unsupervised on roads where there is no pavement or cycle path.

Maximum speed: 25 km/ h

Motor power must not exceed 1000 watts.

Helmet: Helmets are compulsory for persons under 16 years of age. Adults are recommended to wear a helmet.

Where is it allowed to ride?  

  • on cycle paths and cycle lanes
  • on pavements

In urban areas, you can use the road if there are no cycle lanes or footpaths.

Parking: Parking on the pavement is allowed. There must be at least 1.5 metres of space for pedestrians. 

Compulsory equipment:

  • Brakes
  • Bell
  • Front and rear lights
  • Reflectors or side lights.

Riding with lights is also recommended during the day.

More information: transpordiamet.ee

Private and rented electric scooters are permitted in Finland. The rules can be found in the Finnish Traffic Regulations.

There is no legal age limit for using an e-scooter.

However, anyone wishing to rent an e-scooter must be at least 18 years old.

Maximum speed: 25 km/h

The motor power of the e-scooter must not exceed 1000 watts.

Helmets are not compulsory, but recommended.

Where is it allowed to ride?

  • On cycle paths or cycle lanes
  • If these do not exist, you can ride on the road or on a dirt track.

Riding on pavements is not permitted.

Exception: Children under 12 may ride on pavements at a maximum speed of 15 km/h.

Parking: Parking or stopping for a short time on footpaths and cycle paths is permitted, provided it does not obstruct other road users.

Blood alcohol limit: There is no legal blood alcohol limit for riding an electric scooter. However, driving ability must not be impaired by illness, injury, fatigue or alcohol.

Compulsory equipment:

  • Front lights (rear lights are recommended) 
  • Reflectors (on the rear of the scooter)
  • A bell

Insurance: There is no compulsory insurance for e-scooters.

Renting e-scooters in Helsinki:

On weekends, e-scooters are not available between 0-5 am.

During the day, the maximum speed is 20 km/h. On weekdays between 0 and 5 o'clock, the speed is reduced to 15 km/h.

There are parking areas for e-scooters at various locations in Helsinki. If you park your rented e-scooter here, you will receive a discount on the rental fee. However, it is still allowed to park on the pavement or cycle path as long as no one is obstructed.

Electric scooters are allowed. You can ride an electric scooter registered in Germany in France. 

The following regulations also apply to Segways, monowheels and hoverboards.

Minimum age: 14 years

The maximum speed is 25 km/h.

The e-scooter must be limited to this speed due to its design.

Where is it allowed to ride?

  • On cycle paths and cycle lanes in urban areas.
  • If these do not exist, you can use the road if the speed limit there is 50 km/h.

Outside urban areas, only the "voies vertes" (shared footpaths and cycle lanes) may be used.

Riding on pavements and in pedestrian areas is forbidden. However, towns and cities may allow it. The walking speed (6 km/h) applies.

In exceptional cases, roads with a maximum speed of 80 km/h may be authorised for electric scooters. In this case, helmets are compulsory and minors must be accompanied by an adult.

Parking:

Parking the scooter on the pavement is permitted, provided it does not obstruct pedestrians.

Exception Paris: Parking on pavements is prohibited. You could be fined 49 euros. You may also have to pay for towing.

Compulsory equipment:

  • Brakes
  • Bell
  • Front and rear lights 
  • Rear and side reflectors
  • Reflective clothing at night and in poor visibility 

Helmets are generally not compulsory. However, they are recommended.

Headphones are prohibited while riding.

Blood alcohol limit: 0.5 ‰.

Insurance: You need third party insurance for your e-scooter in France.

Fines: 

Missing equipment: 35 euros

Non-compliance with traffic regulations: 135 euros

Grossly negligent and reckless driving: EUR 1,500 + 1 year imprisonment

E-scooter rental in Paris:

From 1 September 2023, the rental of e-scooters will be banned on public roads in the capital.

In Germany, electric scooters are allowed on the road and are regulated by the regulation for very low-power electric vehicles. It also applies to Segways, but not to monowheels, hoverboards or electric skateboards.

Minimum age: 14 years

Maximum speed: 20 km/h 

Electric scooters that can go faster than this are not permitted.

Helmets are not compulsory.

Where is it allowed to ride?

  • On areas reserved for cyclists (cycle paths, cycle lanes, etc.).
  • If there are no cycle lanes, you can use the carriageway and, outside built-up areas, the hard shoulder.

Riding on pavements and in pedestrian areas is prohibited.

What equipment is mandatory?   

  • White front light and red rear light
  • Two independent brakes 
  • A bell

Parking: 

E-scooters can be parked at the side of the road or on the pavement as long as they do not obstruct other traffic. 

They can also be parked in pedestrian areas, as long as these are open to e-scooters.

Insurance:

The e-scooter must be covered by insurance. An insurance sticker must be attached to the scooter (valid for 12 months).

In the event of an accident, the third-party insurance will cover damage to third parties.

Insurance can only be obtained if a general operating permit (“Allgemeine Betriebserlaubnis, ABE”) is available.

If the e-scooter is intended for the German market, the ABE should be enclosed with the papers. Pay attention to this when buying the e-scooter.  If the vehicle does not have an ABE, it cannot be used in road traffic.

Other:

  • Folded e-scooters can be carried free of charge as hand luggage on long-distance trains. 
  • The blood alcohol limit is 0.5 ‰.
  • For drivers under 21 years of age and novice drivers, the limit is 0.0 ‰ during the probationary period. Anyone driving an e-scooter under the influence of alcohol may also lose their licence.

The use of e-scooters is regulated by law.

There is no legal minimum age.

Maximum speed: 25 km/h

Helmets are compulsory!

Reflective clothing must be worn in the dark.

Where is it allowed to ride? 

  • On the cycle path
  • On the road, but only if the speed limit is 50 km/h. 

It is not allowed to ride on the pavement. Unless the e-scooter cannot go faster than 6 km/h.

There is currently no legislation in Hungary that clearly defines and regulates the use of electric scooters.

A law regulating electric scooters in public transport may come into force in 2023.

If you plan to rent an e-scooter, check the rental conditions and local parking regulations.

Minimum age: no          

Maximum speed: 25 km/h

Helmet: Wearing a helmet is recommended for all. Young people under 16 must wear a helmet.

Where is it allowed to ride?

  • On cycle paths and tracks that are open to cyclists.
  • If these are not available, you can ride at a reduced speed on the pavement or footpath. Pedestrians always have priority.

It is forbidden to ride on the road.

Parking: 

The scooter can be parked anywhere as long as it does not obstruct other road users.

Other:

The scooter must be fitted with front and rear lights. In addition, front and rear reflectors must be fitted.

Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs is prohibited.

Modified electric scooters are not permitted on the road.

There is no compulsory insurance.

More infotmation: Raf ENSKA (samgongustofa.is)

There is currently no legislation regulating e-scooter driving in Ireland.

This is about to change. The plan is to classify 'power-operated personal carriers' travelling at less than 25 km/h as exempt from tax, insurance, registration and licensing requirements.

There will be a minimum age of 16 and a helmet requirement for 16-18 year olds, as well as a ban on riding on pavements.

The use of electric scooters is regulated in Italy by law no. 121/2021 (art. 1 ter).

Minimum age: 14 years

Maximum speed: 20 km/h

6 km/h in pedestrian areas

Helmet: Wearing a helmet is recommended for everyone. Adolescents between 14 and 18 years old must wear a helmet.

Where is it allowed to ride?

  • on cycle paths and mixed pedestrian/cycle paths
  • on urban roads where the speed limit is 50 km/h
  • in pedestrian areas (max. 6 km/h)

It is forbidden to ride on pavements and to ride against the direction of traffic.

Parking:

  • Parking on the street is permitted, provided that it does not obstruct traffic or block entrances, exits or aisles.
  • On pavements, the scooter may only be parked in designated areas.

Compulsory equipment:

  • Brakes (*new: front and rear)
  • Audible signal
  • Front and rear lights 
  • Reflectors
  • *New: Direction indicators (yellow flashing lights, front and rear)
  • Reflective clothing (in the dark, from half an hour after sunset)

*The features marked as “new” apply to all new electric scooters put on the market in Italy from October 2022. Older electric scooters do not have to comply with the new requirements until 1 January 2024.

Insurance: Liability insurance is not compulsory for e-scooters.

Fines: 

Riding two abreast on an e-scooter can result in a fine of between 100 and 400 euros.

E-scooters that do not comply with the legal requirements (no lights, no indicators, etc.) can be confiscated during a traffic control.

Enhanced e-scooters, e.g. with a more powerful engine, can be confiscated and fined.

Violations of the speed limit are punished with 42 to 168 euros.

In June 2023, the Italian government announced stricter rules for e-scooter riders. In addition to compulsory helmets, liability insurance and a number plate are to become compulsory. Parliament still has to approve the proposed legislation.

In Latvia, the use of e-scooters on the road is regulated by law.

Minimum age: 14 years

If you are under 18, you must have a bicycle licence.

Maximum speed: 25 km/h 

Helmet: Wearing a helmet is recommended but not compulsory.

Where is it allowed to ride?

  • On cycle paths and tracks where bicycles are allowed.
  • On pavements. The speed limit is walking speed. Pedestrians have priority.
  • On roads where the speed limit is 50 km/h.

Compulsory equipment:

  • Brakes
  • White front light and red rear light

The e-scooter must also be in good technical condition. If possible, reflective clothing should be worn.

Other information:

There is currently no compulsory insurance. However, this is planned.

The blood alcohol limit is 0.5 ‰.

In Lithuania, e-scooters are subject to the rules for bicycles in the Road Traffic Act. The country is seeking to introduce new regulations specifically for electric scooters. The first draft laws have already been passed.

Currently, the maximum speed is 25 km/h. You must be at least 14 years old to ride a electric scooter on public roads.  Like a bicycle, the scooter must be roadworthy and have working brakes, a white front light and a red rear light.

The blood alcohol limit is 0.4 ‰. There is no compulsory insurance.

Since January 2021, regulations for electric scooters have been included in the Luxembourg Road Traffic Act.

Age restrictions:

Children aged 10 and over may ride on cycle paths and roads. 

Children up to the age of 13 may ride on pavements and in pedestrian areas. The speed limit is walking speed. Pedestrians have priority.

Maximum speed: 25 km/h.

The maximum motor power is 250 watts. The maximum length of the e-scooter is 1.50 metres.

Helmets: Wearing a helmet is not compulsory, but highly recommended.

Compulsory equipment:

  • Brakes
  • Audible warning signal
  • White front light.
  • Red non-flashing rear light. Can also be attached to clothing or rucksack.

Insurance: Liability insurance or a licence is not compulsory.

Mor Information: transports.public.lu

It is not allowed to drive an electric scooter registered in Germany in Malta.

Electric scooters must be approved by the Malta Transport Authority.

The e-scooter must be brought to the authority for individual technical approval. Certain documents are required, including an application form and liability insurance.

An administrative fee of €10 is charged for the approval. For further information, please visit transport.gov.mt.

You must be at least 16 years old to drive an electric scooter.

You will also need to pass a theory test to prove that you have a certain level of knowledge of road traffic regulations. Alternatively, a class AM driving licence is sufficient.

The maximum speed is 20 km/h.

Certain roads are prohibited for electric scooters. This map shows which ones.

You are not allowed to drive an electric scooter registered in Germany in the Netherlands.

Only electric scooters approved by the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management are allowed on public roads.

Certain requirements must be met. Only manufacturers, importers and traders can apply. For more information, visit rdw.nl.

Most e-scooters are not permitted on Dutch roads.

The following rules apply to approved e-scooters: 

Minimum age: 16 years

Maximum speed: 25 km/h

Helmet: There is no helmet requirement

Where is it allowed to ride?

  • Cycle path
  • Moped path

If there is no cycle or moped path, you may use the road. It is forbidden to use the pavement.

Compulsory equipment:

  • Handlebar
  • Vehicle identification number (VIN)
  • Lighting
  • red and white/yellow reflectors

Insurance: Third-party insurance is compulsory. The insurer's sticker must be affixed to the e-scooter.

There is no need to apply for a number plate.

More information: rijksoverheid.nl

Rental:

In the Netherlands it is currently not possible to rent an e-scooter.

However, mopeds and e-bikes are available. Providers include:

The use of e-scooters will be newly regulated in Norway from mid-2022.

Minimum age: 12 years

The minimum age for renting an e-scooter may be higher, e.g. 16 or 18 years. 

Maximum speed: 20 km/h

Helmet: Helmets are compulsory for children and young people under the age of 15.

Where is it allowed to ride?

In principle, you can ride anywhere in Norway as long as you ride in the direction of traffic and follow the signs.

E-scooters are only banned on motorways and roads with bicycle prohibition signs.

Riding on pavements and in pedestrian areas is also allowed. The speed must be reduced. Reason: The Norwegian government fears that riding on the road could lead to more accidents with higher risks.

Parking:

The scooter can be parked on footpaths, cycle paths, pavements or in a pedestrian area. It must not obstruct pedestrians or cyclists.

Blood alcohol limit: 0.2 ‰.

Penalties:

If you break the alcohol limit in Norway, you can expect a very high fine, the loss of your driving licence and possibly a prison sentence.  

For example, a fine of NOK 7450 can be imposed for making a phone call on an e-scooter.

Parking in the wrong place costs NOK 900.

Insurance: From 2023, you will also need liability insurance for private electric scooters.

Good to know:

In Oslo, it is prohibited to rent an e-scooter between 23:00 and 5:00.

For more details see: Statens vegvesen

The use of e-scooters is regulated by the Polish Road Traffic Act.

Minimum age: 10 years

Between the ages of 10 and 18, a bicycle driving licence or a category AM, A1, B1 or T driving licence is required.

From the age of 18, no driving licence is required.

Maximum speed: 20 km/h

Helmet: Helmets are not compulsory. However, a helmet is recommended.

Where is it allowed to ride?

Cycle lanes and cycle paths must be used.

Only if there are none you can use the road, provided the maximum speed there is not more than 30 km/h.

If you are allowed to go faster on the road and there is no cycle lane, you can use the pavement as an exception. You must slow down (4-6 km/h) and give priority to pedestrians.

For more information, see isap.sejm.gov.pl.

Parking: 

If there are no special parking bays for electric scooters, they can be parked on the pavement. The scooter must be parked as far away from the carriageway as possible and parallel to the outer edge of the carriageway. A pavement of at least 1.5 metres must be kept clear. 

Compulsory equipment: 

  • At least one brake
  • Front and rear lights
  • An audible warning signal
  • At least two reflectors
  • A side stand

Blood alcohol limit: 0.2 ‰

Insurance: There is no compulsory insurance for e-scooters.

Fines:

  • Fine from 0.2 ‰ = 1000 PLN (approx. 210 Euro).
    Fine from 0.5 ‰ = 2500 PLN (approx. 522 Euro)
  • Driving too fast on the pavement: 300 PLN (≈ 63 Euro)
  • Riding with two people on an e-scooter: PLN 200 (≈ 42 Euro)
  • Failure to use the cycle lane, if there is one: 100 PLN (≈ 21 euros).

More information on Polish regulations on gov.pl

The use of e-scooters is regulated by the Portuguese Road Traffic Regulations

Minimum age: There is no legal minimum age.

However, you must be at least 18 years old to rent an e-scooter. You must also carry an identity card.

Maximum speed: 25 km/h

Rental e-scooters in Lisbon have a maximum speed of 20 km/h.

Helmet: Helmets are not compulsory. However, wearing a helmet is recommended.

Where is it allowed to ride?

Cycle lanes and paths must be used. If these are not available, you can use the roads in the city centre.

Riding on pavements, public squares and pedestrian areas is prohibited.

Parking:

In Lisbon, the e-scooter cannot be parked in the following places:

  • public places
  • pavements
  • railway and metro stations  
  • in front of historical buildings

In the capital, special parking areas have been created for e-scooters.

Other:

  • Compulsory equipment includes front and rear lights and reflectors (in the dark).
  • Riding with headphones or using a mobile phone is prohibited.
  • The blood alcohol limit is 0.5 ‰. Violators can be fined between 250 and 2500 euros.  From 1.2 ‰, there is a risk of imprisonment.
  • There is no compulsory insurance for e-scooters.

Minimum age: 14 years

Maximum speed: 25 km/h

Helmet: Helmets are compulsory for Children under 16.

Where is it allowed to ride?

  • On cycle paths if available.
  • Otherwise you can ride on the road, provided the speed limit is 50 km/h. If you ride in a group, you must ride behind each other. You must carry an identity card when riding on the road. Overtaking is forbidden.

Forbidden:

  • Riding on the pavement
  • Riding in parks, on cobblestones
  • Riding under the influence of alcohol or drugs
  • Riding with headphones
  • Do not use the scooter when the road is covered with ice or snow.

Compulsory equipment:

  • Brakes
  • Audible warning system
  • Visible lighting and reflectors are mandatory at night and in poor weather conditions.

Parking: 

Parking is allowed on the pavement as long as it does not obstruct pedestrian traffic.

It is forbidden to park the e-scooter on the road or on cycle paths.

Failure to comply will result in a fine of 200 to 400 lei (approx. 40 to 80 euros).

Minimum age: Electric scooters may be used on the road by persons aged 15 and over.

Persons under the age of 15 may ride on cycle paths, residential roads and forest tracks.

Maximum speed: 25 km/h

Helmet: Wearing a helmet is not mandatory but recommended.

Where is it allowed to ride?

  • on cycle paths
  • on the right-hand side of the road

on pavements, at walking speed and where pedestrian traffic is not obstructed

Equipment: In darkness and poor visibility, the e-scooter must be illuminated.  

Blood alcohol limit: 0.5 ‰.

Insurance: There is no compulsory insurance for e-scooters in Slovakia yet.

Minimum age: 14 years

Children between the ages of 12 and 14 with a cycling licence can also ride e-scooters on the road.

Maximum speed: 25 km/h

The e-scooter must not be wider than 80 cm. The motor power must not exceed 250 watts.

Helmet: Helmets are compulsory for under 18s.

Where is it allowed to ride?

  • On cycle paths
  • In urban areas, if there are no cycle paths, you can use the road.
  • In pedestrian areas, you can ride at walking speed.

Riding on the pavement and roads outside built-up areas is prohibited.

Compulsory equipment:

  • Brakes
  • A white front light and a red rear light must be lit at night and when visibility is reduced.
  • Reflectors on the rear (red) and sides (yellow/orange).

Fines:

  • Riding on the pavement: €40 
  • Riding with headphones or using a mobile phone: 120 €.

The Spanish Transport Authority (DGT) has created a legal framework for e-scooters. The regulations also apply to segways, monowheels and hoverboards.

Important: The law is designed to allow cities and towns to make their own regulations.

Minimum age:

The DGT recommends a minimum age of 16.

In Madrid, driving an e-scooter is permitted from the age of 15.

Renting an e-scooter is usually only possible from the age of 18.

Maximum speed: 25 km/h

The speed limit may vary from city to city. In Seville, for example, the speed limit on cycle paths is 15 km/h. In Bilbao, overtaking is only allowed at 10 km/h.

Helmet: 

Different regulations apply in different cities. 

In Madrid and Barcelona, for example, it is compulsory to wear a helmet when renting an e-scooter.

Follow local regulations.

You are not allowed to ride

  • on pavements and pedestrian areas, at crossroads, on motorways, expressways, trunk roads and in city tunnels.                                       

Cities can deviate from this general rule and set their own rules.

Parking: Please note the local regulations.

Compulsory equipment:

  • Brakes
  • Bell
  • Front and rear lights
  • Reflectors

Insurance: There is currently no compulsory insurance for e-scooters in Spain. 

However, cities can enact their own regulations.

Blood alcohol limit:

  • 0,5 ‰
  • 0,3 ‰ for new drivers
  • 0.0 ‰ for under 18s

Fines:

Anyone caught driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs will be fined between €500 and €1000. In addition, the e-scooter will be confiscated.

A fine of €200 can be imposed for

  • Using a mobile phone while driving 
  • Wearing headphones
  • Riding without lights at night
  • Riding on the pavement
  • Not wearing a helmet (although this is compulsory in the city)

The e-scooter is classified as a bicycle, provided the maximum speed and engine power are not exceeded.

Minimum age: There is no legal age limit.

You must be at least 18 years old to rent an e-scooter.

Maximum speed: 20 km/h

Motor power must not exceed 250 watts.

Helmet: Helmets are compulsory for people under the age of 15. Otherwise, a helmet is recommended for everyone.

Compulsory equipment:

  • Brakes
  • Bell
  • In the dark: Front and rear lights and reflectors

Where is it allowed to ride?

  • If there is a cycle path, you should use it.
  • But you can also ride on the road. Provided you are 15 years old and the speed limit on the road is 50 km/h. E-scooters must be ridden on the right-hand side of the road.

Riding on the pavement is prohibited.

Parking:

Parking the e-scooter on footpaths and cycle paths is prohibited. Unless there is a bicycle stand or a device for parking.

The parked e-scooter must not disturb other road users.

Insurance:

In Sweden, there is no compulsory liability insurance for private e-scooters.

More Information: Elsparkcykel - Transportstyrelsen

You are not allowed to ride an e-scooter registered in Germany on public roads in the UK.

Currently, e-scooters are not permitted on public roads in the UK.

Background: E-scooters do not comply with the UK Road Traffic Act.

Therefore, electric scooters can only be used on private land.

However, the UK government is planning to allow e-scooters on public roads.

Trials with e-scooter rental companies are currently underway in several cities.


E-scooter hire

You can hire e-scooters in some cities. You can ride them on roads (except motorways) and cycle paths. Footpaths are not permitted. You must have a driving licence to hire an e-scooter (a class AM moped licence is sufficient).

To hire an electric scooter in London, you must complete an online safety course.

More information on GOV.UK

The information was compiled in cooperation with our colleagues from the European Consumer Centres Network. We make no claim to completeness.